Among the complications associated with diabetes mellitus, postural control, which pertains to the position of the body, the attitude or carriage of the body as a whole, or the position of the limbs (the arms and legs) ranks very high.
The reduction in muscle strength has been associated with increased glucose leading to decreased levels of physical activity and affecting the posture control. The general observation is that postural control is further reduced in diabetics, especially with the affliction of peripheral nerves, peripheral sensory neuropathy seems to be the primary factor.
Indulge in physical training
Physical activity is strongly recommended to correct postural instability. In this context, physical activities directed at improving strength and balance can reduce morbidities related to diabetes, with significant effects observed after exercise training.
Following a 6-week exercise program with a trained therapist, significantly improves leg strength, faster reaction times and decreased postural sway. Reduced falls risk in diabetic patients have been observed following the training.
Training consists of a series of exercises aimed at overall body strength, conditioning and balance exercises on unstable surfaces. Poor posture over a period of time alters the natural muscular balance and the impending imbalance leads to various injuries and aches.
Maintaining a good posture thus becomes important in everything we do in our daily activities viz sleeping, sitting, standing, walking, doing computer work, lifting up objects, etc.
The Correct Way To Sit
1. Sit up with your back straight and your shoulders back. Your buttocks should touch the back of your chair.
2. All three normal back curves should be present while sitting. A small, rolled-up towel or a lumbar roll can be used to help you maintain the normal curves in your back. Distribute your body weight evenly on both hips.
3. Bend your knees at a right angle. Keep your knees even with or slightly higher than your hips (use a footrest or stool if necessary). Your legs should not be crossed.
4. Keep your feet flat on the floor.
5. Try to avoid sitting in the same position for more than 30 minutes.
6. At work, adjust your chair height and work station so you can sit up close to your work and tilt it up at you. Your computer monitor should be at eye level. Rest your elbows and arms on your chair or desk, keeping your shoulders relaxed.
7.When sitting on a chair that rolls and pivots, don’t twist at the waist while sitting. Instead, turn your whole body.
8. When standing up from the sitting position, move to the front of the seat of your chair. Stand up by straightening your legs. Avoid bending forward at your waist.
The Correct Way To Stand
1. Hold your head up straight with your chin in. Do not tilt your head forward, backward or sideways.
2. Keep your shoulder blades back.
3. Keep your knees straight.
4. Stretch the top of your head toward the ceiling.
5. Tuck your stomach in. Do not tilt your pelvis forward or backwards.
6. The arches in your feet should be supported.
7. Balance your weight evenly on both feet.
8. Let your hands hang naturally on both sides.