Cervical spondylosis is a medical disorder that is responsible for the disorientation of the vertebrae, discs and ligament in the neck or in the cervical spine.
Some of the names of this condition are arthritis of the neck, cervical osteoarthritis or degenerative osteoarthritis.
The seven small vertebrae that are formed in the neck is referred to as the cervical spine. All these starts from the base of the skull.
In the cervical spondylosis, the edge of the vertebrae often develops bone spurs known as osteophytes. With the passing time, the discs start to get thinner and lose their ability to absorb shock, leading to an increased risk of the disease.
Facet joints also are known as swollen neck joint can press the nearby nerve roots or the spinal cord, resulting in certain extremities and sometimes leads to severe pain in the limbs.
Many activities if done for a long time heightens the risk of cervical spondylosis, such as lifting heavy loads, martial arts, dancing or gymnastics. Some research also believes that there is a genetical cause as conditions sometimes run in the family.
The disorder generally appears after a certain age says after 40 years. Men usually develop it at an earlier age in comparison with women. Smoking may also heighten the risk of developing the disease.
Cervical spondylosis often appears without any prior symptoms, but the commons signs of this disease is a pain in the neck, stiffness in the back and occasional headaches.
The pain in the neck can gradually spread throughout the shoulders, arms and hands and also on the base of the skull.
Headaches tend to start from the back of the head and slowly moves to the whole upper front.
If a person aged above 40 years seeks medical opinion for the pain and stiffness in the neck, it often got suspected as the symptoms of cervical spondylosis. Certain tests can help diagnose the problems.
An X-ray can aid in revealing any physical damage to the spine. If the pain in the person does not subside after some time, then MRI tests may be useful in analysing the nerve root. MRI scan can also assist in pinpointing the exact location of the problem. Apart from these, there are several other methods that can help to diagnose the cervical spondylosis.
There is no proper way to prevent cervical spondylosis, but there are some ways to control the symptoms. Like an ergonomic specialist may adjust a patients workstation to lessen the stress on the neck. Controlled smoking, exercising sensibly and regular stretching is also a great method to minimise the stress. Not smoking, exercising sensibly, and regular stretching are all ways to avoid symptoms.