Q.1 In my family both my father and mother are diabetic. With the festive season coming up, what should I do to keep their sweets binging on the bay?
For diabetes control, diet and exercise is an integral part of the treatment. Glycemic index is considered when we speak about food to choose and hence sweets should be kept away and parents should be made aware of it scientifically so as to understand the importance of diet control. Talking about Diwali, a piece of sweet occasionally is okay for the festive importance, also some of the sweets can be made with sugar-free.
Q.2 My son is 13 and is diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes. With passing time, aggression is becoming his basic nature. Is this related to diabetes? If yes, then what are the ways to keep him calm?
Considering his age, hormonal changes are inevitable. Along with that, a constant desire for binging can not be avoided as well, especially on sweets. Hence, do not refrain your child from eating what he likes, as it will further increase his frustration level. Secondly, understanding and counselling him from time to time is the ultimate key, as his age is very fragile.
Q.3 I am a big-time foodie and love having sweets, but I generally experience bloating. Please suggest some tips that could keep my problem in control.
You should avoid binging, especially on sweets. Also, always make sure to eat in small quantities, drink a lot of water, eat fibre in a good quantity, cut down on excess salts and more. Regular exercise is a must. Incorporate food items like curd and buttermilk in your diet as they work as probiotics, and improve the overall gut health.
Q.4 My sister has grade 2 fatty liver problem. Can it lead to diabetes in future?
The liver both stores and produces sugar. Worsening liver status can affect glucose metabolism, and thus increase the risk of diabetes. Also, people with liver ailments and uncontrolled diabetes at the same time can lead to a condition called as NAFLD, Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. This condition is difficult to manage once occurred, and even more for a person who has a genetic history of diabetes.
The answers are provided by Dr Sujeet Jha, Director - Endocrinology, Diabetes & Obesity, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket.