We all wish to live a healthy and happy life, one without any diseases and ailments. But more often than not, diseases come our way without any warning and continue to live with us through a lifetime. One such disease is diabetes, where you have to live and maintain a lifestyle to make sure that you remain healthy and not worsen your condition.
We know that diabetes occurs when our blood glucose (or blood sugar) levels are too high. Blood glucose is basically our main source of energy and it comes from whatever food we eat. To get the right amount of blood glucose, we need insulin. The insulin hormone helps glucose from food get into our cells to be used for energy. In some cases, the body doesn’t make enough (or any) insulin due to which glucose then stays in our blood and doesn’t reach your cells - making the sugar levels in our blood high, leading to the chances to developing diabetes.
In some cases, diabetes tends to run in family, however, in type 1 diabetes, one of the leading causes is an autoimmune reaction. Coming to type 2 diabetes, the most common form of this disease is usually attributed due to obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, increasing age, and a bad diet.
Now, we’d talk about one of the most common, yet often overlooked, aspect of this disease - prediabetes. Let us start by saying that prediabetes isn’t an actual disease but a glaring, warning sign that should be taken just as seriously.
Just because one gets diagnosed by prediabetes, doesn’t mean they’re guaranteed to progress to type 2 diabetes - if timely measures and care are taken, then you could go on leading a healthy and safe life.
Prediabetes can be understood as an indication that you could develop type 2 diabetes if immediate and proper lasting lifestyle changes are not taken. Now comes the big question - how does one stop prediabetes from developing into type 2 diabetes? The first and most important step is altering your food choices. By taking in junk food, white flour-based products, and all the unhealthy foods, we are risking towards type 2 diabetes. So, avoiding unhealthy intake of food and watching out your weight is something that should be on the top of your list.
Secondly, take up some exercises. Since obesity is the leading cause of type 2 diabetes, a prediabetic person should always - ALWAYS - watch out their weight. This way, you don’t just dodge the diabetes bullet but other complications like heart diseases, vision, loss, nerve damage, and kidney failure.
One of the biggest problems with prediabetes is that it often goes unnoticed since its symptoms are common. So, one must be aware of their own body and notice symptoms on their own to make sure they don’t ignore prediabetes. We have to begin by saying that while blood glucose levels are a sure short indicator of diabetes, prediabetes doesn’t have any such manifestation per se. However, there are some signs that can be noticed and should be taken into account, like - feeling hungry and thirsty all the time, an increased number of restroom visits, and fatigue.
Just like diabetes, in prediabetes too, your body begins to have trouble using the hormone insulin. So, in case you notice any such symptoms, it is advisable you head straight to the doctor and get your blood sugar levels checked.
Now, while a medical expert is always the best one to guide you through such issues, we have some simple and easy advice that will help you as well:
Eat right: You are what you eat. Make sure you eat a healthy and balanced diet - minus the sugar and processed food.
Lose weight: As mentioned, obesity is one of the leading causes of diabetes, therefore it is best to shed that extra weight and keep yourself healthy.
Exercise it out: Maintaining some physical activity is a must for everyone, especially when you are on the verge of developing diabetes. So take up some exercise - go for a walk or indulge in some yoga - to maintain a healthy and fit body.