It is an established but sad fact that people with diabetes can develop varied foot problems. Even simple-looking feet problems can get worse and lead to serious complications. Foot problems mostly occur in diabetic patients when there is nerve damage called neuropathy. This can cause weakness, tingling sensations and pain in the feet.
Diabetes has multiple ramifications and one of the most common ones is poor blood circulation in the body due to narrowed and hardened blood vessels This renders the body weak and unable to fight infections quickly. A poor blood circulation is a form of vascular disease in which blood flow in the body is inefficient.
Nerve damage reduces the sensitivity to foot pain resulting in painless wounds causing ulcers. The identification mark of ulcers is drainage from the affected area or sometimes noticeable lump that isn’t always painful.
Poor circulation makes it more difficult for ulcers to heal. Blood sugar management is very critical as high sugar levels result in slowing down of the healing process. Dry skin is common in diabetes. One’s feet may be more prone to cracking. Calluses, corns, and bleeding wounds may occur.
Causes of Diabetic Foot
Risk Factors for Diabetic Foot
All people with diabetes are at risk for foot ulcers, which can have multiple causes:
Multiple treatment solutions are available for treating diabetic foot. The arteries suffer damage and carry blood clots. This further complicates regular blood flow and one of the ways to open the arteries is to implant a stent. The process, time and recovery are much faster with advanced technologies.
The major benefit of stents is that the chances of leg amputation can be circumvented. This takes care of the misconception that diabetic foot is untreatable or will lead to leg amputation. The arterial grafting or stenting in the diabetic foot is the most promising solution so far.
Easy process, few days’ hospital stay and post-operative management make this less invasive angioplasty for a diabetic foot more acceptable.
The article courtesy goes to Dr Atul Mathur, Director Interventional Cardiology at Fortis Escort Heart Institute.