PCOD or PCOS is a metabolic disorder, stemming from a variance in the hormones due to sedentary lifestyle and bad eating habits. It is a common problem among teen girls and young women. Today, every 1 out of 10 women has PCOS, Polycystic ovary syndrome. It is a condition of hormonal imbalance that causes irregular periods, unwanted hair growth, and acne. It start during teenage phase, can be mild or severe and can cause problems at all levels, ranging from medical, aesthetic, psychological and social as well.
During this, the person experiences disparities in the hormones both in the brain and the ovaries. PCOS usually happens when levels of LH hormone (a hormone produced by the pituitary gland) or insulin (from the pancreas) are too high, which then causes the ovaries to produce excess testosterone.
The pituitary gland, located in the brain, makes the “luteinizing hormone” (LH) and “follicle stimulating hormone” (FSH). After getting the signal from LH and FSH, the ovaries make oestrogen and progesterone, the female sex hormones. Generally ovaries also make a bit of the androgen testosterone, a male sex hormone while the pancreas makes insulin. High levels of insulin can also cause the ovaries to make excess of the hormone testosterone. Many patients with PCOS or PCOD undergo various issues such as insulin resistance, obesity, dyslipidaemia etc, which further causes an increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. For long now, diabetologists have been noticing the co-morbid diseases of obesity, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia in their Type 2 diabetic patients. They also recognise the necessity of treating these conditions in order to improve outcomes. The condition, when insulin resistance, obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia are grouped together as a cluster, has been termed “the metabolic syndrome.”
The most common form of treatment today for PCOD is the birth control pill. However, it comes with various side effects including both long term hormonal issues and nausea, vomiting, head spin etc. in majority women. Other kinds of hormonal therapy including the “vaginal ring” and “the patch” are often used for this reason. Even if one is not sexually active, birth control pills may be prescribed to them as they contain the hormones that your body requires to treat PCOS. Birth control pills can correct the hormone imbalances related to PCOS. It can further lower the level of testosterone resulting in the improvement of acne and lessening hair growth. These pills aid in regulating the menstrual periods in cases of irregularity, lowering the risk of endometrial cancer, which is rather higher in young women who have an irregular ovulation cycle.
The article courtesy goes to Dt. Shikha Mahajan, Holistic Nutritionist, Diet Podium, Delhi.