Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) is a complication of diabetes that can cause fatal consequences. DKA is often seen in type 1 diabetic patients.
Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs when the cells in the body do not receive sugar for the proper functioning. The reason behind it is, insufficient production of insulin to convert glucose for cell usage. There is plenty of glucose present in our bloodstream but not enough insulin, to convert it into energy. Thus the body starts breaking the muscle and fat to produce strength which leads to a rapid depletion of body weight. This breakdown leads to the production of ketones resulting in unbalanced electrolyte system in the body. Hence, this disturbance leads to ketoacidosis.
Diabetic Ketoacidosis is a deadly health complexity but it can be treated if detected on time. There are some initial symptoms like dry mouth, dry skin, unbearable pain in the abdomen which can help the doctor to detect the problems in the body. Others, symptoms may include a decreased level of self-consciousness, a rapid increase in urination and shortness in breath. Apart from these regular, there are some more indications, like rapid and deep breathing, having a nauseous feeling or dehydration of the body, even though you consume water on a regular basis.
Keep it in mind that every individual body reacts differently to the same disease. There might be a chance that you may experience one or more than any of the above-mentioned symptoms. But if you are having any problems that might indicate Diabetic Ketoacidosis, then immediately consult your health specialist.
Several approaches are needed for the treatment of DKA. The aim is to normalise the blood pH while lowering the blood sugar level and balancing all the electrolytes. The general treatment includes injecting insulin in the patient's body as well as giving electrolyte fluids to maintain the disbalance. One of the major problems during the treatment is the severe fluctuation in the potassium level, which results in rapid dehydration of the body. Four different types of fluids are given to keep the body hydrated and have the desired outcome.