Diabetes was among the first disease described in the ancient Egyptian manuscript. At first, diabetes was described as too much urination. Primarily specified case of diabetes was believed to be of type 1 diabetes.
Indian physicians first classified the disease as madhumeha or honey urine, as urine attracted ants at the time of testing.
First-time the word diabetes was actually used in 250BC by the Greek Apollonius Of Memphis. And Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes were recognised as a different condition for the first time by an Indian physician Sushruta and Chakra in AD 400-500. At the time type1 was linked with youth and type 2 with obesity.
The more clear understanding of diabetes emerged in the year 1889 when Joseph von Mering discovered the role of the pancreas in diabetes. He observed some dogs and found out that dogs whose pancreas was removed developed all the symptoms of diabetes and died shortly afterwards.
It was in the year 1910 when Sir Edward Albert Sharpey Schafer suggested the deficiency of a particular chemical produced by the pancreas was the potential reason for diabetes. He later coined the chemical as insulin, from the Latin word insula referring an island as islets of Langerhans in the pancreas.
Somewhere between the year 1850 and 1875 two French researchers Apollinaire Bouchardat and E. Lancereux acknowledged that the disease diabetes needs a specific classification in it. They distinguished between the diabetics that were lean, had severe symptoms, results were very poor and during the time of autopsy shows pancreatic lesions, then there were diabetics that were overweight, generated diabetes later in life, had milder symptoms and had shown better prognosis if put on a low-calorie diet.
Later in the year 1950, R.D Lawrence distinguished diabetes in two types by observing those who were deficient in insulin and those that were not.
When chemist purified the hormone insulin from bovine pancreas, it led to the availability of an effective treatment which came as insulin injections. The first patients that were treated with it in the year 1922, was a 14-year-old boy, Leonard Thompson, weighed only 65 pounds. After having the injections, his ketonuria and glycosuria gradually eliminated and his blood sugar level dropped by 77 per cent.
After that many discoveries and experiment revealed so many effective drugs and medicine for diabetes in later years. What once was categorised as a death sentence due to lack of knowledge and proper remedies, now is turning into only of the biggest disease on the global scale.