You eat right, test regularly, and journal yet still experience those highs and lows. Find out if one of these culprits is keeping you on the up and down.
1. Improper Control
Routinely checking blood sugar levels, taking correct medication doses, and meeting healthy lifestyle recommendations all play roles in keeping your numbers in control. Being lax with any of these can trigger highs and lows—and when you have poor control, you might lose sensitivity to both.
To do: Pay attention to your diabetes, and record day-to-day changes. This gives you more lead time before a high or low takes effect and gives you a much better picture of your overall health.
2. Medication Mistakes
A medication error can cause a rapid blood sugar swing. Make sure you understand instructions and proper dosage before you leave the doctor’s office or pharmacy.
To do: Prevent incorrect dosing by asking questions during your doctor’s visit and taking note of the recommended routine when you’re at the pharmacy.
Coming down with a bug is tough on anyone’s body, but for people with diabetes, it can also mean spikes in sugar levels. When you’re sick—anything from the flu to food poisoning—stress prompts hormones to fight the problem in your body, causing the liver to release extra sugar.
To do: Stay hydrated and check blood glucose more often when you’re sick to catch highs on their way up.
4. Inaccurate Counting
Eyeballing portions and miscalculating carbs—which might lead to inaccurate insulin doses—can be a top cause of blood sugar swings.
To do: Use measuring cups and spoons for a while to retrain your portion know-how. In a pinch, use accurate comparisons for your favourite foods. Meat, fish, or poultry
5. Irregular Carbs
Spreading carbs throughout the day keeps your blood sugar levels steady. Eating all of a day’s carbs in one sitting may cause a spike. If you’re on fixed-dose insulin or a fixed medication, consistent carb intake is key.
To do: Try to stick to a consistent routine when it comes to eating carbohydrate or talk to your provider about adjusting meds.
6. Your Period
Ladies: You might see flutters in your blood sugar readings around that time of the month. Changing hormones in your body during a period can raise your blood sugar.
To do: Take note of timing and blood sugar when you’re having your period. If you use insulin or other diabetes medication, consider consulting your health care professional or CDE about possible changes to your management routine during that time.