Researches have proved that diabetes alters the structure of the blood vessels. This may affect the efficiency of the blood flow, and in turn may weaken the bone and the gums, leaving them more prone to infections.
Causes of dental problems due to diabetes.
Excessive glucose (sugar), in your blood from diabetes, can cause pain, infection in your mouth, teeth, your gums and jaw. Glucose is present in your saliva and the liquid in your saliva help harmful germs, called plaque, grow. Plaque also comes from eating foods that contain sugars or starches.
Effects of diabetes on dental health
Periodontitis: Periodontitis leads to swollen and bleeding gums. It also causes pus between the teeth and gums. Bad Breath, loose teeth, change in the fit of your dentures are a few more ill effects.
Gingivitis: Diabetes can lead to many dental problems like Gingivitis where our mouth becomes red, swollen, and gums start bleeding.
Burning Mouth: It also causes a burning sensation in the mouth, dry mouth and leads to bitter taste.
Thrush: It leads to sore white or red patches on your gums, tongue, cheeks or the roof of your mouth.
Dry Mouth: Diabetes usually leads to dry mouth and you tend to drink water frequently to keep it moist. It sometimes causes dry, rough tongue, cracked lips, mouth sores or infections. This causes pain in the mouth which in turn results in problem to chew, eat or talk.
There are certain measures if taken can help one prevent dental problems:
• Firstly control your blood sugar level.
• Fixing dentures that do not fit well
• Removing dentures for part of the day or night, and keeping them clean.
• Keeping your mouth wet.
• Taking frequent sips of water.
• Avoiding spicy or salty foods that may cause pain in a dry mouth.
• Choosing foods high in fibre such as whole grain bread.
• Consuming non-starchy vegetables, such as broccoli, spinach and green beans. These foods are high in fibre and low in carbohydrates.
• Even though porridge is a carbohydrate, it is a good carbohydrate. Because it is high in soluble fibre, it is slower to digest and it won’t raise your blood sugar as much or as quickly.