Heart Attention

Heart Attention

During a heart attack, the chances of recovery depend upon the extent of damage in the Myocardium, the cardiac muscle. Sudden narrowing or blockage in coronary arteries, which continuously supply blood rich in oxygen and nutrients to the heart, is the most common reason behind heart attacks. The blockage usually takes place when plaque in the coronary artery breaks open, leading to the formation of blood clots. The heart muscle nourished by the narrowed arteries starts dying with time; thus damaging the heart tissues. Therefore, do not wait and get instant medical attention to accelerate recovery. 

Door to Balloon (D2B) Time

Hospitals worldwide aim to achieve a D2B time of 90 minutes, this means the time when the patient reaches the hospital to the time the artery is opened should be less than 90 minutes. The doctors first need to evaluate you, conduct a few tests and then proceed with the surgery; in order to get all this done on time, you need to reach out to medical assistance on time.

More Good News

Medical treatment protocols have largely improved. These changes have been driven by a detailed analysis of the holdups caused in treating patients and rectifying them to bring about a sustainable change. Hospitals of the major cities have adopted paramedics transmit electrocardiogram readings directly from ambulances to emergency rooms and having the team of doctors ready at the hospital to start the treatment as soon as possible without wasting time on paperwork. As a result, the death rate from coronary heart diseases has fallen at an astounding rate. 

Pay Attention

One major factor behind the delay in the medical examination is the inability in identifying the symptoms of a heart attack. One usually experiences significant discomfort and symptoms that he has never had before. Warning signs may include tightness in your chest, shortness of breath, or feeling confused. Pay attention to the common warning signs:

  • Discomfort on the left side or center of the chest that usually lasts for more than a few minutes or goes away and comes back. It may feel like pressure, squeezing, fullness, or like heartburn or indigestion.
  • One may experience pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, shoulders, neck, jaw, or upper part of the stomach.
  • Shortness of breath may be your only symptom, or it may occur when you are resting or doing some physical activity.
  • A rapid or irregular pulse when accompanied by weakness, dizziness, or shortness of breath, are some of the definite signs of a heart attack.
  • Rapid sweating is one of the signs of a heart attack.

What next?

Not everything that happens is out of your control, reaching out for medical assistance well in time can save your life; after all, time and health are our most precious assets. Thus, if you feel any of the symptoms, the first thing to do is call for an ambulance. Taking aspirin can also help decrease the rate at which clots form, but calling an ambulance should be the primary step. At times, one may not be sure whether it really is a heart attack or just the symptoms of indigestion; not taking chances and visiting a doctor as soon as possible is the right thing to do in such cases.               

Article Courtesy: Dr. Sameer Gupta, an Interventional Cardiologist at Metro Hospital, Lajpat Nagar.